RogueSD Arduino Library

Rogue Robotics SD Card Module Interface Library Usage

DOWNLOAD: http://code.google.com/p/rogue-code/downloads/list?q=library+roguesd

NOTE: You will need to make some small changes to the Arduino serial libraries to use this library.


This Library has been provided to ease the communications with the Rogue Robotics SD Card Modules:

The SD Card modules can communicate through standard TTL serial at speeds from 2400 bps up to 460800 bps. SD or SDHC cards are accepted and can be formatted in FAT12, FAT16 or FAT32. MicroSD and MiniSD cards can be used with an appropriate adapter.

Data can be stored on or retrieved from cards using a card reader on a computer.

uMMC, uMP3 firmware

The library will work with earlier versions of firmware for the uMMC and uMP3 (101.56, 110.12 respectively), but performance will be better with later firmware. Information on updating module firmware can be found here:

Instantiation

// Example for connecting to a Rogue Robotics uMMC.
// Arduino pin 4 is connected to the uMMC's "T" pin
//         pin 5 is connected to the uMMC's "R" pin
#include <NewSoftSerial.h>
#include <RogueSD.h>
 
NewSoftSerial ummc1_s(4, 5);
 
RogueSD filecommands(ummc_s);
 
void setup()
{
  ummc1_s.begin(9600);
 
  filecommands.sync();
}

Datatypes/Structures

fileinfo

A struct which contains file information.

struct fileinfo {
                  uint32_t position;
                  uint32_t size;
                };
  • position is the current position in the file.
  • size is the size (in bytes) of the file.

open_mode

An enumeration type specifying the open mode.

enum open_mode {
                  OPEN_READ = 1,
                  OPEN_WRITE = 2,
                  OPEN_RW = 3,
                  OPEN_APPEND = 4
                };

Properties

LastErrorCode

If an error occurred in a previous method, this will contain the most recent error code.

Methods

close

close(in handle) - closes a file.

Example

filecommands.close(filehandle);

closeall

closeall() - closes all open files.

Example

filecommands.closeall();

changesetting

int changesetting(char setting, unsigned int value) - changes a setting.

  • returns 0 if successful, -1 on error.
  • see Settings Table for more information.

Example

filecommands.changesetting('L', 1);

getsetting

int getsetting(char setting) - gets the value of a setting.

  • returns the setting value if successful (> 0), or -1 on error.

Example

int listingType = filecommands.getsetting('L');

entrytofilename

int8_t entrytofilename(char *filename, uint8_t count, const char *filemask, uint16_t entrynum) - gets the filename at entrynum.

  • returns the filename (max string length of count), from path and filter filemask, of entrynum.
  • returns -1 on error.

Example

Get the 22nd entry of the file listing from /MP3/*.mp3:

char filename[128];
 
filecommands.entrytofilename(filename, 128, "/MP3/*.mp3", 22);

filecount

int32_t filecount(char *filemask) - returns the number of files matching filemask. filemask can contain a path. e.g. ”/audio/*.mp3”

  • returns the number of files matching if successful, -1 on error.

NOTE: In the Arduino IDE, if you use the comment start ”/*” characters without a closing “*/”, the IDE will produce an error due to comment checking. To avoid this error, use ”/”“*”.

Example

  1. int32_t numberOfMP3s = filecommands.filecount("/audio/*.mp3");
  2. /* Example to show how to get around IDE error */
    int32_t numberOfLogs = filecommands.filecount("/logs/""*.log");

getfileinfo

fileinfo getfileinfo(int handle) - gets the file information of an open file.

Example

fileinfo fi = filecommands.getfileinfo(filehandle);
 
unsigned long remainingbytes = fi.size - fi.position;

getfreehandle

int getfreehandle() - requests a free handle (1 - 4).

  • returns 0 if no handles available, -1 on error, or 1 → 4 for the first free handle.

Example

  int filehandle = getfreehandle();

getmoduletype

byte getmoduletype() - returns the module type (uMMC = 1, uMP3 = 2, rMP3 = 3).

gettime

gettime(int rtc[]) - gets the module's current RTC time.

  • rtc is an array of int's:
    • year (full - e.g. 2010)
    • month (1 → 12)
    • day (1 → 31)
    • hour (0 → 23)
    • minute (0 → 59)
    • second (0 → 59)

Example

int rtctime[6];
 
filecommands.gettime(rtctime);

settime

settime(int rtc[]) - sets the module's RTC time.

  • rtc is an array of int's:
    • year (full - e.g. 2010)
    • month (1 → 12)
    • day (1 → 31)
    • hour (0 → 23)
    • minute (0 → 59)
    • second (0 → 59)

Example

  1. int rtctime[] = { 2010, 4, 28, 17, 30, 0 };
     
    filecommands.settime(rtctime);
  2. int rtctime[6];
     
    rtctime[0] = 2010;
    rtctime[1] = 4;
    rtctime[2] = 28;
    rtctime[3] = 17;
    rtctime[4] = 30;
    rtctime[5] = 0;
     
    filecommands.settime(rtctime);

open

int open(various) - opens a file.

  • returns file handle (> 0) on success, -1 on error.
  • open(const char *filename)
    • opens filename in read-only mode.
  • open(const char *filename, open_mode mode)
    • opens filename in mode given by mode.
  • open(int8_t handle, const char *filename)
    • opens filename on file handle handle, in read-only mode.
  • open(int8_t handle, const char *filename, open_mode mode)
    • opens filename on file handle handle, in mode given by mode.

int open_P(various) - opens a file, using a PROGMEM string for the filename.

  • returns file handle (> 0) on success, -1 on error.
  • open_P(const prog_char *filename)
    • opens filename in read-only mode.
  • open_P(const prog_char *filename, open_mode mode)
    • opens filename in mode given by mode.
  • open_P(int8_t handle, const prog_char *filename)
    • opens filename on file handle handle, in read-only mode.
  • open_P(int8_t handle, const prog_char *filename, open_mode mode)
    • opens filename on file handle handle, in mode given by mode.

Example

  1. int filehandle = filecommands.open("/scripts/script01.txt");
  2. int filehandle = filecommands.open_P(PSTR("/logs/daily/20100428.csv"), OPEN_RW);

opendir

opendir(char *folder) - prepares a folder for iterative listing.

Example

filecommands.opendir("/audio");

readdir

int readdir(char filename, char filemask) - gets the next filename matching filemask.

  • returns 0 if successful, -1 on EOF (i.e. no more matches), -2 on error.

Example

char filename[128];
 
filecommands.opendir("/audio");
 
while(filecommands.readdir(filename, "*.mp3")
{
  Serial.println(filename);
}

readbyte

int readbyte(int handle) - reads a single byte/character from an open file.

  • returns -2 on error, -1 if no data, or the character read (0 → 255).

Example

  int c = filecommands.readbyte(filehandle);
  if (c > 0)
  {
    Serial.print(c);
  }
  else
  {
    Serial.print("Error Code: ");
    Serial.println(filecommands.LastErrorCode, HEX);
  }

read

int read(int handle, unsigned int count, char *buffer) - reads data from an open file.

  • returns -2 on error, -1 if EOF (end of file), 0 for no bytes read, or > 0 for the number of bytes actually read.
  • count is the number of bytes you would like to read.
  • buffer is an array of char's for storing the data.

Example

char mybuffer[40];
 
int response = filecommands.read(filehandle, 40, mybuffer);

readln

int readln(int handle, unsigned int maxlength, char *buffer) - reads a line of data from an open file (terminated by a CR/LF). The CR/LF is NOT included in the data returned. The string is terminated by a NUL (\0).

  • returns -2 on error, -1 on EOF (end of file), 0 for no bytes read, or > 0 for the number of bytes actually read.
  • maxlength is the maximum number of bytes to read.
    • this is the number of bytes that will be read, including the NUL terminator.
  • buffer is an array of char's for storing the data.

Example

char mybuffer[40];
 
int response = filecommands.readln(filehandle, 40, mybuffer);

seek

int seek(int handle, unsigned long newposition) - seeks to the given position in an open file.

  • returns 0 if successful, -1 on error.
  • newposition is the absolute position to seek to.
    • NOTE: to seek to a relative position in the file, use the getfileinfo() command to get the current position in the file, and add/subtract from that value.

Example

  1. int response = filecommands.seek(filehandle, newposition);
  2. fileinfo fi = filecommands.getfileinfo(filehandle);
     
    int response = filecommands.seek(filehandle, fi.position + 20);

seektoend

int seektoend(int handle) - seeks to the end of an open file. You use this if you want to append to a file open for reading and writing (OPEN_RW).

  • returns 0 if successful, -1 on error.

Example

int response = filecommands.seektoend(filehandle);

status

int status(int handle) - gets the current status of the card or filehandle.

  • returns 0 on success, -1 on error.
  • if handle is not given, the card status is returned.
  • if handle is given, then the status of that handle is returned.
    • status() returns -1 if the file is at EOF (End of File). Use [#LastErrorCode] if -1 is returned.

Example

  1.   if (filecommands.status() < 0)
        if (filecommands.LastErrorCode == ERROR_CARD_NOT_INSERTED)
          Serial.println("Please insert card");
  2.   if (filecommands.status(filehandle) < 0)
        if (filecommands.LastErrorCode == ERROR_EOF)
          Serial.println("No more data");

sync

int sync() - synchronizes communications with the module - and closes all open files.

  • returns 0 on success, -1 on error.

Example

  filecommands.sync();

version

int version() - gets the version of the module firmware.

  • returns the version number (e.g. Version 102.08 = 10208)

write

int write(int handle, unsigned int count, char *data) - writes data to an open file.

  • returns 0 if successful, -1 on error.
  • count is the number of bytes in data that will be written to the file.
  • data is the data to be written.

Example

  1.   char *sDate = "Date: ";
     
      int response = filecommands.write(filehandle, strlen(sDate), sDate);
  2.   int response = filecommands.write(filehandle, 4, "DONE");

writeln

int writeln(int handle, char *data) - writes a line of data to an open file (CR is added after the line). You can change the terminator (CR, CR+LF, LF) using changesetting('E', [0, 1, 2]). See Settings Table for more information.

  • data is the data to be written to the file. NOTE: data does not have to end with a CR/LF - but it MUST be NUL terminated.

Example

int response = filecommands.writeln(filehandle, "---DATA---");

writeln_prep

writeln_prep(int handle) - prepares the module for a line of data to be written to an open file.

Within the writeln_prep() and writeln_finish() block, you can also use all of the familiar Print class methods to send data to the module.

e.g.

filecommands.writeln_prep(filehandle);
filecommands.print("Value 1: ");
filecommands.print(value1, DEC);
filecommands.writeln_finish();

NOTE: Do not use the println() methods, as these will cause the library to get out of sync.

NOTE: if you use the writeln_prep() command with uMMC firmware < 102.00, or uMP3 firmware < 111.00, you MUST ensure that any print() commands follow IMMEDIATELY after the writeln_prep() command.

writeln_finish

int writeln_finish() - completes the writeln after data has been sent.

  • returns 0 if successful, -1 on error.

Constants

Here's a list of constants available.

#define DEFAULT_PROMPT                        0x3E
 
#define ERROR_BUFFER_OVERRUN                  0x02
#define ERROR_NO_FREE_FILES                   0x03
#define ERROR_UNRECOGNIZED_COMMAND            0x04
#define ERROR_CARD_INITIALIZATION_ERROR       0x05
#define ERROR_FORMATTING_ERROR                0x06
#define ERROR_EOF                             0x07
#define ERROR_CARD_NOT_INSERTED               0x08
#define ERROR_MMC_RESET_FAIL                  0x09
#define ERROR_CARD_WRITE_PROTECTED            0x0a
#define ERROR_INVALID_HANDLE                  0xf6
#define ERROR_OPEN_PATH_INVALID               0xf5
#define ERROR_FILE_ALREADY_EXISTS             0xf4
#define ERROR_DE_CREATION_FAILURE             0xf3
#define ERROR_FILE_DOES_NOT_EXIST             0xf2
#define ERROR_OPEN_HANDLE_IN_USE              0xf1
#define ERROR_OPEN_NO_FREE_HANDLES            0xf0
#define ERROR_FAT_FAILURE                     0xef
#define ERROR_SEEK_NOT_OPEN                   0xee
#define ERROR_OPEN_MODE_INVALID               0xed
#define ERROR_READ_IMPROPER_MODE              0xec
#define ERROR_FILE_NOT_OPEN                   0xeb
#define ERROR_NO_FREE_SPACE                   0xea
#define ERROR_WRITE_IMPROPER_MODE             0xe9
#define ERROR_WRITE_FAILURE                   0xe8
#define ERROR_NOT_A_FILE                      0xe7
#define ERROR_OPEN_READONLY_FILE              0xe6
#define ERROR_NOT_A_DIR                       0xe5
 
#define ERROR_NOT_SUPPORTED                   0xff

Discussion

Ryan Gonzales, 2010/08/07 23:44

I was thinking of using this module and was wondering if you could delete a file or erase the entire sd card.

bhagman, 2010/08/08 02:29

Absolutely. The module will erase files or folders (folders must be empty) - the serial command is E path. See the Erase File command.

However, the current version of the RogueSD library (0002) doesn't have a method for that command, but the next version will have a remove() method.

b

test76.26.88.185, 2012/03/23 21:20

Brett, do you think you will update the library to support Arduino 1.0?

test76.26.88.185, 2012/03/23 21:37

Hi Brett, think I have RogueSD Library v004 fixed… found a comment in the Arduino.cc forums by camillemoussette, wrote

line 184 in RogueSD.h: change “void” for “size_t” line 930 in RogueSD.cpp: change “void” for “size_t”

That seems to be working.

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code/library/arduino/roguesd.txt · Last modified: 2010/07/21 11:34 by bhagman
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